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TRAF1076 REFUSAL TO SUBMIT TO TESTING 316.1939.1

TRAF1076 316.1939.1, Misd 1st, REFUSAL TO SUBMIT TO TESTING
Second Refusal to Submit to Breath, Blood, or Urine Test
Form Code: TRAF1076
Florida Statute: 316.1939.1
Level: Misd (Misdemeanor)
Degree: 1st
Description: REFUSAL TO SUBMIT TO TESTING

“after having been so informed, refused to submit to any such test when requested to do so by a law enforcement officer or correctional officer commits a misdemeanor of the first degree and is subject to punishment

Second Refusal to Submit to Breath, Blood, or Urine Test


A second refusal to submit to a chemical test is frequently prosecuted in Tampa DUI cases and in Hillsborough County, Florida. Charge codes like TRAF1076 are used by police, the courts, and prosecutors to classify the type of criminal charge that has been filed. The Penalties for Refusal to Submit to testing in a Florida DUI case are discussed below. What  the Jury will be told about a Second Refusal to Submit to testing in a DUI case in Florida is also included.


Quick Guide to Second Refusal to Submit to Breath Test in Florida DUI Cases


  • Second Refusal to Submit to Testing
  • Driving
  • Lawful Arrest
  • Informed of Penalties for Refusal
  • Misdemeanor 12 Months in Jail

 

What are the Penalties for Refusal to Submit to Testing in a Florida DUI Case?


316.1939 Refusal to submit to testing; penalties.—
(1) Any person who has refused to submit to a chemical or physical test of his or her breath, blood, or urine, as described in s. 316.1932, and whose driving privilege was previously suspended for a prior refusal to submit to a lawful test of his or her breath, urine, or blood, and:
(a) Who the arresting law enforcement officer had probable cause to believe was driving or in actual physical control of a motor vehicle in this state while under the influence of alcoholic beverages, chemical substances, or controlled substances;
(b) Who was placed under lawful arrest for a violation of s. 316.193 unless such test was requested pursuant to s. 316.1932(1)(c);
(c) Who was informed that, if he or she refused to submit to such test, his or her privilege to operate a motor vehicle would be suspended for a period of 1 year or, in the case of a second or subsequent refusal, for a period of 18 months;
(d) Who was informed that a refusal to submit to a lawful test of his or her breath, urine, or blood, if his or her driving privilege has been previously suspended for a prior refusal to submit to a lawful test of his or her breath, urine, or blood, is a misdemeanor; and
(e) Who, after having been so informed, refused to submit to any such test when requested to do so by a law enforcement officer or correctional officer commits a misdemeanor of the first degree and is subject to punishment as provided in s. 775.082 or s. 775.083.
(2) The disposition of any administrative proceeding that relates to the suspension of a person’s driving privilege does not affect a criminal action under this section.
(3) The disposition of a criminal action under this section does not affect any administrative proceeding that relates to the suspension of a person’s driving privilege. The department’s records showing that a person’s license has been previously suspended for a prior refusal to submit to a lawful test of his or her breath, urine, or blood shall be admissible and shall create a rebuttable presumption of such suspension.
Source: http://www.leg.state.fl.us/Statutes/index.cfm?App_mode=Display_Statute&Search_String=&URL=0300-0399/0316/Sections/0316.1939.html

What will the Jury be told about a Second Refusal to Submit to testing in a DUI case in Florida?

 
Florida Standard Jury Instruction 28.13 Refusal to Submit to Testing § 316.1939, Fla. Stat.
28.13 REFUSAL TO SUBMIT TO TESTING § 316.1939 Fla. Stat.
To prove the crime of Refusal to Submit to Testing, the State must prove the following six elements beyond a reasonable doubt: Give 1a and/or 1b as applicable.
1. A law enforcement officer had probable cause to believe (defendant) [drove] [was in actual physical control of] a motor vehicle in this state while
a. under the influence of [an alcoholic beverage][(a chemical substance listed in 877.111 Fla. Stat.)][(a controlled substance listed in Chapter 893)] to the extent (Defendant’s) normal faculties were impaired.
b. [his] [her] [breath] [blood] alcohol level was .08 or higher.
Give 2a in cases where the defendant was arrested. Give 2b in cases where the defendant appeared for treatment at a hospital, clinic, or other medical facility and the administration of a breath or urine test was impractical or impossible.
2. a. The law enforcement officer lawfully arrested (defendant) for Driving Under the Influence.
b. The law enforcement officer requested a blood test.
3. (Defendant) was informed that if [he] [she] refused to submit to a [chemical] [physical] test of [his] [her][breath] [blood] [urine], [his] [her] privilege to operate a motor vehicle would be suspended for a period of one year, or, in the case of a second or subsequent refusal, for a period of 18 months.
4. (Defendant) was informed that it is a misdemeanor to refuse to submit to a lawful test of [his] [her] [breath] [blood] [urine], if [his] [her] driving privilege had been previously suspended for a prior refusal to submit to a lawful test of [his] [her] [breath] [blood] [urine].
5. (Defendant), after being so informed, refused to submit to a [chemical] [physical] test of [his] [her] [breath][blood] [urine] when requested to do so by a [law enforcement officer] [correctional officer]. 6. (Defendant’s) driving privilege had been previously suspended for a prior refusal to submit to a lawful test of [his] [her] [breath] [blood] [urine]. Inference. You are permitted to conclude that (defendant’s) driving privilege had been previously suspended for a prior refusal to submit to a lawful test of [his][her][[breath][blood][urine] if a record from the Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles shows such a suspension. Definitions. § 316.003(21) Fla. Stat. “Motor vehicle” means any self-propelled vehicle not operated upon rails or guideway, but not including any bicycle, motorized scooter, electric personal assistive mobility device, swamp buggy, or moped.
“Probable cause” exists where the totality of circumstances, from the perspective of the law enforcement officer’s knowledge, training and experience, gave the officer reasonable grounds and a fair probability to believe that a crime had been committed. Give if applicable.
“Actual physical control” means the defendant must be physically in or on the motor vehicle and have the capability to operate the motor vehicle, regardless of whether [he][she] is actually operating the vehicle at the time.
Lesser Included Offenses
REFUSAL TO SUBMIT TO TESTING — 316.1939 CATEGORY ONE CATEGORY TWO FLA. STAT. INS. NO. None Attempt 777.04 5.1 Comment Where the lawfulness of the arrest is at issue, a special instruction may be warranted. This instruction was adopted in 2007 [965 So. 2d 811] and amended in 2013.
Source: http://www.floridasupremecourt.org/jury_instructions/chapters/entireversion/onlinejurryinstructions.pdf