DUI On Drugs, Expert Attorney WF Casey Ebsary Jr

Florida Drug Recognition Experts DRE Video

DRE Florida Drug Recognition Experts
Florida Drug Recognition Experts DRE

Using Drug Recognition Experts (DRE), in Florida DUI cases and across the nation, law enforcement and prosecutors are trying to circumvent the ability of jurors and Judges to reach their own conclusions as to the impairment, if any, of criminal suspects.

We have obtained training manuals and reviewed the evidence used to support these “experts” and you may also conclude the ability of these witnesses to meet the stringent requirements for admissibility of “scientific” evidence is far from generally accepted within any communities other than law enforcement. Such witnesses should be stricken from Prosecutors’ witness lists. In five minutes you will know: What is the History and Origin of the DRE? What is done during Drug Recognition Experts (DRE) training? Who does the DRE training? What special skills are Drug Recognition Experts (DRE) taught that judges and jurors don’t already have? Does DRE “evidence” meet the standard for admissibility under Florida law and the Daubert standard?

What is the History and Origin of the Drug Recognition Expert (DRE}?

The Los Angeles Police Department developed this area of alleged expertise in the 1970’s. The federal law enforcement agency, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) soon jumped on the bandwagon. Strikingly, the “certification” is now issued by the cop’s own International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP) and not by a generally recognized educational or scientific institution.
Florida Drug Recognition DRE Experts
7 Days to a Better You (DRE)

What is done during DRE training?

A Seven (7) day school is supposed to cover a 706-page manual. The curriculum begins by citing the Frye standard for admissibility, a standard that was abandoned in Florida in 2013 (see discussion below: Does DRE “evidence” meet the standard for admissibility under Florida law and the Daubert standard ? ).
During the 7 day romp, cops are allegedly trained in the following areas: Eye examinations; Physiology; Vital signs; the Central Nervous System; Depressants; Stimulants; Physician’s Desk Reference; Dissociative Anesthetics; Narcotic Analgesics. That is only half of the allegedly scientific in-depth training.
Let’s visit the second half of this highly accelerated educational program:  Inhalants, Vital Signs, Cannabis; Signs and Symptoms; Drug combinations; Writing a resume (Curriculum Vitae); and wrap it up with a list of questions defense attorneys will ask when the newly minted expert tries to spew this garbage in court.
Seven days to a better you – In short, street cops become quasi-medical professionals in only one week.

Who does the Drug Recognition Experts (DRE) training?

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) and the International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP).

What special skills are Drug Recognition Experts (DRE) taught that judges and jurors don’t already have?

None. Generally, witnesses are not allowed to opine on the guilt or innocence of the accused. When police try to use these “experts” they are attempting to tell the jury how to rule and why. Since the alleged expert issues a highly prejudicial opinion on an ultimate issue in the case, courts must allow only legally admissible evidence to reach jurors.

Does Drug Recognition Experts (DRE) “evidence” meet the standard for admissibility under Florida law and the Daubert standard? 

No. In July 2013,  Section 90.704, Florida Statutes, was amended to read: “Facts or data that are otherwise inadmissible may not be disclosed to the jury by the proponent of the opinion or inference unless the court determines that their probative value in assisting the jury to evaluate the expert’s opinion substantially outweighs their prejudicial effect.” Since, 2013, there is little guidance from courts and judges on the validity of this testimony.
Florida Rule of Criminal Procedure 3.220 requires disclosure of “reports or statements of experts made in connection with the particular case, including results of physical or mental examinations and of scientific tests, experiments, or comparisons . . . .” The rules also discuss, “expert witnesses who have not provided a written report and a curriculum vitae or who are going to testify . . . .”  In 1996, the rules also contemplated, “experts who have filed a report and curriculum vitae and who will not offer opinions subject to the Frye test.” FRCP 3.220 at 151 Note ( July 1, 2014).
Florida Drug Recognition Experts DRE are only alleged experts who issue highly prejudicial opinions on ultimate issues in the case, courts must allow only legally admissible evidence to reach jurors under the 2013 amendments to Florida law and the ruling of the United States Supreme Court in Daubert v. Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals, Inc., 509 U.S. 579 (1993), General Electric Co. v. Joiner, 522 U.S. 136 (1997), and Kumho Tire Co. v. Carmichael, 526 U.S. 137 (1999), and to no longer apply the standard in Frye v. United States, 293 F.2d 1013 (D.C. Cir 1923) . See generally, http://laws.flrules.org/2013/107 .

Standardized 12-Step Drug Recognition Experts Protocol

The 12-Step Drug Recognition Experts (DRE) Protocol is standardized because it is conducted the same way, by every drug recognition expert, for every suspect whenever possible. In the above video, the 12-Step Drug Recognition Experts (DRE) Protocol is not shown.
1. Breath Alcohol Concentration (BAC) Test administered to suspect
2. Interview with the Arresting Officer about BAC, the reason for stop & suspect’s behavior, appearance, and driving.
3. Preliminary Examination and First Pulse. DRE asks questions about health, recent food, alcohol, and drugs, including prescribed medications while DRE observes suspect’s attitude, coordination, speech, breath, and face. DRE examines pupils uses horizontal gaze nystagmus (HGN) and takes suspect’s pulse. If needed seek medical assistance immediately. Otherwise, the evaluation continues.
4. Eye Examination. behavior, appearance, and driving. DRE uses HGN, vertical gaze Nystagmus (VGN), and looks for a lack of convergence.
5. Divided Attention Psychophysical Tests. DRE administers the Modified Romberg Balance, the Walk and Turn, the One Leg Stand, and the Finger to Nose test.
6. Vital Signs and Second Pulse. DRE takes the subject’s blood pressure, temperature, and pulse.
7. Dark Room Examinations. DRE measures at pupil sizes under three different lighting conditions.
8. Examination of Muscle Tone. DRE examines the subject’s skeletal muscle tone (normal rigid, or flaccid).
9. Check for Injection Sites and Third Pulse. DRE looks for injection sites and takes suspect’s pulse.
10. Subject’s Statements and Other Observations. DRE reads Miranda, asks questions about drug use.
11. Analysis and Opinions of the Evaluator. DRE forms an opinion as the suspect is impaired. If DRE believes there is impairment, then the category of drugs will be indicated.
12. Toxicological Examination. DRE requests a urine, blood and/or saliva for toxicology lab analysis.
Sources: http://www.wsp.wa.gov/breathtest/dredocs.php 
Expert Attorney WF Casey Ebsary Jr, Save My License

DUI Attorney Tampa Videos

Tampa Traffic Stop DUI Videos

“an inside look at criminal traffic stops for DUI”

Florida DUI Criminal Defense Attorney presents Traffic Stop DUI videos from inside a patrol car. In this series of DUI videos, narrated by Florida DUI Attorney, W F Casey Ebsary Jr, gives you an inside look at criminal traffic stops for DUI in Tampa, Hillsborough County, Florida. Casey is a Criminal Trial Lawyer, former Prosecutor, and a Defense Attorney, defending DUI charges for over 10 years.

Tampa Attorney Checkpoint DUI Videos

“we decided to send our team out to take a look”

Hillsborough County Sheriffs Office in Tampa, Florida decided to have a DUI Checkpoint, so we decided to send our team out to take a look DUI videos. They pulled over every fifth car. We witnessed Zero arrests. Tell Us Your Story Toll-Free 1-877-793-9290.

DUI Videos Refusal Of Breath Test

“video of Refusal of a Breath Test after an arrest for DUI”

Tampa DUI Criminal Defense Attorney shows videos of Refusal of a Breath Test after an arrest for DUI, in this 2-minute video. A Hillsborough County Florida Sheriff’s Deputy administers a Breath Test Warning / Request in a Florida DUI case.

Tampa Florida DUI videos Field Sobriety Tests

“an inside look at field sobriety tests for DUI” 

Florida DUI Criminal Defense Attorney presents Field Sobriety Exercises videos. This production is one of a series of videos, narrated by Florida DUI Attorney, W F Casey Ebsary Jr and gives you an inside look at field sobriety tests for DUI in Tampa, Hillsborough County, Florida. Casey is a Criminal Trial Lawyer and a former Prosecutor, defending DUI charges for over 20 years
DUI News

TRAF1012 DRIVING UNDER THE INFLUENCE

 Driving Under the Influence Misdemeanor


316.193, Driving under the influence ( DUI ), DUI Driving Under Influence, TRAF1012,
Driving Under the Influence Misdemeanor
Driving Under the Influence Misdemeanor

A First DUI is frequently charged in Tampa, Florida, Hillsborough County DUI cases. The things needed to prove guilt in a case are listed below. The Florida DUI law is also included below.


“the offense of driving under the influence . . . is subject to punishment”

The charge code used by the police, prosecutors, Judges, and Clerks of Court is TRAF1012. The offense is a criminal charge punishable by jail, fines, court costs, and drivers license suspension.


 If you have been charged with Driving Under the Influence Misdemeanor – Call an Expert Defense Attorney at 813-222-2220.


Tampa Florida DUI Charges in Brief


  • Drive Vehicle
  • In the State of Florida
  • Under the Influence of alcohol or controlled substance
  • Normal Faculties Impaired
  • Or Blood alcohol over .08

 

 
Form Code: TRAF1012
Florida Statute: 316.193.1
Level: Misd (Misdemeanor)
Degree: 2nd
Description: DRIVING UNDER THE INFLUENCE

What are the Penalties under Florida DUI Law?


316.193 Driving under the influence; penalties.
(1) A person is guilty of the offense of driving under the influence and is subject to punishment as provided in subsection (2) if the person is driving or in actual physical control of a vehicle within this state and:
(a) The person is under the influence of alcoholic beverages, any chemical substance set forth in s. 877.111, or any substance controlled under chapter 893, when affected to the extent that the person’s normal faculties are impaired;
(b) The person has a blood-alcohol level of 0.08 or more grams of alcohol per 100 milliliters of blood; or
(c) The person has a breath-alcohol level of 0.08 or more grams of alcohol per 210 liters of breath.
DUI News

Florida DUI Arrest Contest Winners?

DUI Arrest Contests, Driving under the influence ( DUI ), Arrest Contest
Cops win and Innocent
People lose.

Winning an Arrest Contest for DUI


DUI cops win and innocent citizens lose? Three more Florida DUI cops /  police officers have been recognized by MADD (Mothers Against Drunk Driving)  for their diligent enforcement of drunk driving laws in 2013.  The officers are: Jason Denney with 28 DUI arrests; Travis White, with 20 DUI arrests; and Kevin Skelton, with 12 DUI arrests. The officers were treated to dinner. In 2013, the police department also received 1st place honors in a “DUI Challenge” and a ‘Law Enforcement Challenge.” Not sure what those other contests were, but it appears that citizens’ arrests are prizes in this despicable contest.

Cops Issue a Press Release?


According to a department press release: “By taking part in traffic and safety events including ‘Click It or Ticket’ and ‘Drive Sober or Get Pulled Over,’ the . . . Police Department is making significant and positive impacts in our community by reducing traffic related crashes, injuries and fatalities.” We suspect there were no demerits for people that were arrested and then cleared after hours in jail.
Source: http://www.pnj.com/article/20140328/NEWS01/140328016/Gulf-Breeze-officers-praised-for-fight-against-drunk-driving?nclick_check=1